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"Discover the Shocking Truth Revealed in SOYDA's Latest Quarterly Narrative Report!"

Background and Humanitarian Needs

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Somalia is facing an unprecedented sixth consecutive rainy season with below-average rainfall in April to June 2023. Prolonged drought has claimed the lives and livelihoods of many people. 

An estimated 8.25 million people need humanitarian assistance. According to the 2022 Post-Deyr assessment conducted by FSNAU, the food and nutrition situation remains critical in several districts and is expected to worsen further between January and June 2023 due to the predicted below-average rainy season for the sixth time in a row from April to June 2023. 

The risk of famine (IPC Phase 5) remains credible until at least June in agropastoral areas in Burhakaba district in the Bay Region and among displaced populations in Baidoa and Mogadishu.

The number of people affected by drought has more than doubled since the start of 2022, displacement due to drought has increased fivefold since the start of 2022 with more than 1.3 million people displaced. 

Five regions including Banadir received the largest number of new refugees. About 95 percent live in urban areas where humanitarian conditions are dire and the surge in refugees has strained the capacity of the humanitarian system to cope. 

Refugees joining new refugee camps or already overcrowded settlements place increasing pressure on limited basic services. The cumulative impact of successive below-average rainy seasons has resulted in a sharp increase in the need for humanitarian assistance across all sectors including food security. 

health, nutrition, WASH, protection and CCCM. Water shortages are at critical levels that leave vulnerable communities facing additional risks. According to HNO, eight million people (62 percent of whom are children) need immediate WASH assistance. 

About 1,800 of the 8,200 water sources are not functioning and require urgent assistancerehabilitation. Water prices are six times higher than at the start of 2022 and will likely remain high. 

Increasing food insecurity and decreasing water availability and quality have led to outbreaks of AWD/Cholera in many areas of the country. In January 2023, a total of 217 new cholera cases have been reported from 23 drought-affected districts. 

with the majority of cases reported in three locations including Banadir.

The health system is fragmented, under-resourced and poorly equipped. According to the 2023 HRP. 

less than a third of the population in drought-affected areas is expected to have access to essential health services. Reported cholera cases continue to increase compared to recent years, while measles cases are increasing, especially among children.

Post-Deyr FSNAU assessment results show that global acute malnutrition remains critical (15.4 percent in the 2022 Deyr season, from 15.9 percent in the 2022 Gu season). According to HNO 2023, around 1.8 million children under five are likely to face acute malnutrition by mid-2023. 

including more than 513,000 children estimated to be severely malnourished. Malnutrition levels are at very high levels, especially in Banadir, Baidoa, Afgooye and Jowhar.

Protection risks such as gender-based violence have increased and are expected to continue to increase in 2023. 

Women and girls experience increased levels of conflict-related sexual violence when traveling to and in dense refugee settlements, as well as in host communities. The large influx of refugees into large settlements increases the risk of protectionism and insecurity as competition for already scarce resources increases. 

Information from IOM suggests that around 300,000 people may become newly displaced by July 2023. This will put enormous pressure on the already dense and overcrowded settlements in Baidoa and Banadir and increase protection risks.

However, SOYDA has provided an integrated package of nutrition, Food Security, Education, Citizenship Education, Youth Empowerment, WASH, protection, and health interventions in Benadir, South West Somali State and Jubbaland.

However SOYDA will continue implementation of its programs to enable reduction of vulnerability as well as provide improved health, nutrition, WASH,

Food Security, Protection and Education Services.

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